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Injury Focus

Complex Regional Pain Syndrome / Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy

Complex Regional Pain Syndrome, also known as Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy, involves abnormal nerve function which continues long after an injury and is often permanent. Most often affecting an arm or a leg, the condition causes excruciating pain and other sensory abnormalities. In severe cases, partial relief is only obtained through surgical implant of a “spinal column stimulator”.

About Complex Regional Pain Syndrome/Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy:
https://www.mayoclinicproceedings.org/article/S0025-6196(11)62332-X/fulltext

As mentioned above, a common treatment for severe CRPS/RSD is to install a Spinal Cord Stimulator:
https://www.mfprac.com/web2018/07literature/…/SpinalCordStimulation_Kemler.pdf

One injury that is known to cause CRPS/RSD is a Brachial Plexus Injury:
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/brachial-plexus-injury/symptoms-causes/syc-20350235
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28624567#

 

Rotator Cuff Injuries

The rotator cuff is a group of muscles and tendons that surround the shoulder joint, keeping the head of your upper arm bone firmly within the shallow socket of the shoulder. An injury to the rotator cuff, such as a tear, may happen suddenly when falling on an outstretched hand. As such, this is a common injury in slip/trip and fall cases.

https://www.cedars-sinai.org/health-library/diseases-and-conditions/r/rotator-cuff-disorder.html

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/rotator-cuff-injury/symptoms-causes/syc-20350225

 

Orbital Fractures

An orbital fracture occurs when there is a break in one of the bones surrounding the eyeball (called the orbit, or eye socket). There are several types of orbital fractures, however, this type of injury is almost always caused by blunt force trauma to the eye. Common cases involving orbital fractures are motor vehicle accidents, slip/trip and falls, and industrial accidents.

https://www.aao.org/eye-health/diseases/what-is-orbital-fracture

https://www.reviewofophthalmology.com/article/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-orbital-fractures

 

Bimalleolar Fractures

A bimalleolar fracture is a type of broken ankle that occurs when parts of both the tibia and fibula, called the malleoli, are fractured. Bimalleolar fractures make the ankle unstable and typically require surgery to implant metal plates, screws, and rods which keep the bones aligned. Common cases involving bimalleolar fractures are motor vehicle accidents, slip/trip and falls, and industrial accidents.

https://orthoinfo.aaos.org/en/diseases–conditions/ankle-fractures-broken-ankle/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5474403/